The 5th edition of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was recently released after undergoing a 14 year revision process that included extensive research, numerous revisions and debates among members of the mental heath community and the public. Published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the DSM is an important mental health resource that is utilized by clinicians, researchers, health insurance companies and even government officials who are determining grant funding and new health care policies. The latest revision to the DSM includes several new disorders that have been defined as mental health disorders since the publication of the DSM-4 nearly 19 years ago. Some of the new disorders include include Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (formerly categorized as childhood bipolar disorder), binge eating disorder, premenstrual dysphonic disorder and mild neurocognitive disorder.
The most talked-about changes to the new DSM-5 include updates to how ADHD is diagnosed in adults and the inclusion of a new disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, which now combines four different disorders into one category. Additional changes that have been hotly debated by many professionals in the mental health community include the elimination of Asperger’s disorder and the inclusion of controversial conditions such as cannabis withdrawal, gambling addiction and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD).
According to Psych Central founder John M. Grohol, Psy.D., the latest edition of the manual went through an extensive analysis and editing process before being published. Grohol said, “The process included the analysis of hundreds of research studies published in the past two decades by multi-disciplinary, disorder-based workgroups. Then, drafts of the proposed manual were published three times, resulting in over 13,000 comments, emails and letters from other researchers, clinicians and the public.”